Read: Chapter 20
To urge God’s people to turn from their sins and back to God. Your text book speaks of a three-fold purpose for this book, what were they?
Written by Jeremiah, the prophet of Judgment.
Jeremiah’s life covers a period of 66 years, but his ministry cover only 40 years from approximately 626 B.C. to ______B.C.
Jeremiah ministered under Judah’s last five kings: Josiah the last good king, Jehoahaz, Jehoakim, Jehoachin, and Zedekiah. The nation was sliding quickly toward destruction and eventually conquered by Babylon in 586 B.C. The prophet Zephaniah preceded Jeremiah and Habakkuk was his contemporary.
“Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backsliding shall reprove thee: know therefore and see that it is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the Lord thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, saith the Lord God of hosts. (2:19)
Judah’s kings (listed above), Baruch, Ebed-melech, King Nebuchadnezzar, the Rechabites.
Anathoth, Jerusalem, Ramah, Egypt
There is quite a bit of symbolism used by Jeremiah throughout this book that bears his name. It is combination of History, Biography, and poetry. Jeremiah was probably one of the most persecuted and attacked of the Major Prophets in the Old Testament, both physically and verbally. He was rejected by Family, Neighbors, Friends, Priests and Prophets, all of the people and by the King. Yet through all of this he found favor with God.
A.) GOD’S JUDGMENT ON JUDAH (1:1 – 45:5)
1.) God calls Jeremiah.
2.) Jeremiah condemns Judah for her sins.
3.) Jeremiah prophecies destruction.
4.) Jeremiah accuses Judah’s leaders.
5.) Restoration is promised.
6.) God’s promised judgment arrives.
B.) GOD’S JUDGMENT ON THE NATIONS (46:1 – 52:34)
1.) Prophecies about foreign nations.
2.) Details about the fall of Jerusalem.
MAIN THEMES SEEN IN JEREMIAH
Sin – Kings Josiah’s reformation was a failure because of the shallow repentance of the people. Jeremiah lists the sins, predicts God’s judgment, and calls for repentance.
Punishment – Because of sin, Jerusalem is destroyed, the Temple ruined, and the people captured and carried off to Babylon. The people had refused to listen to God’s message.
God is Lord of all – God’s sovereignty is clearly seen throughout this book. He is in control
and Lord over all.
New Hearts – Jeremiah predicted that after the destruction of the nation, God would send a new Shepherd, the Messiah. He would lead them into a new future, a new covenant, and a new day of hope, by changing their hearts into a love for God.
Faithful Service – Jeremiah served God for 40years and although his was rejected and bitterly used by his own people he nonetheless remained faithful to God.
QUESTIONS & VOCABULARY:
1.) What does “backsliding” mean?______________________________________________________
2.) What is “iniquity”_________________________________________________________________
3.) What does it mean to “forsake” something______________________________________________
4.) Describe the “Call of God” on a life based on Chapter 20 of Jeremiah.________________________
5.) What did you discover as read this book? Anything new or exciting? If so what?_________________
6.) Tell a little bit about the 5 kings that reigned under Jeremiah’s ministry._________________________
(use back of page if you need more space)
Jeremiah was commissioned to bring the last appeal from Jehovah to Judah before destruction came (7:2-7) He was to announce the inevitable doom that was coming upon Judah, Jerusalem, and the Temple under the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon (21:1-10). Jeremiah alone set the duration of the Babylonian Captivity at 70 years ( 25:11; 29:10) He also had a message of judgment on the Gentile nations (46-51) and
foretold the coming of the glorious New Covenant (31:32-34).
Christ is seen as the appointed Prophet to Jerusalem, suffering with, for, and at the hands of his own nation. He is the Righteousness Branch, the King, the Lord our Righteousness and the Maker of the New Covenant (Chap 23, 31).
Thank you for studying with us today. At this point you may choose to either save an unfinished assignment or submit it to the Pastor’s office for review and feedback.
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